Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that can impact a woman’s fertility depending on severity and age. PCOS causes a hormone imbalance that can impact ovulation, promote excess facial hair growth, and cause acne. PCOS is one of the leading causes of fertility issues in women, affecting 1 in 10 women of childbearing age. 

Women suffering from infertility due to PCOS may benefit from assisted reproductive care and respond well to injectable fertility medications. The success rate of IVF in women with PCOS is comparable to patients without the condition! 

Causes of PCOS: 

Although doctors do not know the exact cause of PCOS, fertility specialists believe high levels of androgens (male hormones) and insulin might be responsible. 

  • Excessive levels of androgens may cause Ovarian cysts. Women suffering from PCOS have high levels of androgens overpowering their estrogen hormones. Excessive androgen levels prevent normal egg development and release causing missed ovulation and periods for months at a time in some women. 
  • High insulin levels occur when a woman’s body experiences resistance by not transforming food into energy that produces insulin. Unhealthy nutrition, lack of physical activity, and obesity lead to insulin resistance – which is commonly found in women suffering from PCOS. 

Signs and Symptoms of PCOS :

Many women are unaware of the signs and symptoms of PCOS and don’t suspect that PCOS is the cause of their infertility. The severity of symptoms of PCOS can vary between individuals. Some women will have only mild symptoms while others have severe symptoms. Common symptoms of PCOS include: 

  • Pelvic pain 
  • Irregular or infrequent periods 
  • Thin of head hair
  • Excessive hair growth on the face, chest, stomach, and thighs  
  • Oily skin and acne breakouts on the face, chest, and upper back 
  • Weight gain/difficulty losing weight 
  • Darkening of the skin in the groin area, underneath breasts, along the neck 
  • Depression
  • The inability to become pregnant despite trying for over a year 

Complications of PCOS:

Women with PCOS often find it difficult to become pregnant without assistance since PCOS directly impacts their hormone production. PCOS may also cause the following complications:

  • Infertility 
  • Miscarriage or premature birth 
  • Type 2 diabetes 
  • Sleep apnea 
  • Depression, anxiety, and eating disorders 
  • Abnormal uterine bleeding 
  • Cancer of the uterine lining (endometrial cancer)
  • Gestational diabetes or pregnancy-induced high blood pressure 

Why New Hope?

New Hope Fertility Center is home to world-renowned fertility specialists. We custom-design fertility treatments for the individual to increase the chances of a successful pregnancy. Our specialists believe in putting the patient first and being with them through every step of the fertility journey. Our team is well-versed in helping women of all ages reach their fertility goals and we are passionate about educating, and supporting our patients throughout their journey. If you want compassionate fertility care, New Hope is the right place for you. Call us at (347) 970-8479 or schedule your initial consultation today!