To start, you may be asking what does PCOS stand for?

PCOS stands for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and is a common condition in teenage girls and adult women. PCOS is a hormone imbalance where in addition to producing estrogen (dominant female hormone), women and girls also produce small amounts of testosterone (dominant male hormone). This hormone imbalance can lead to a variety of uncomfortable menstrual and reproductive infertility conditions. 

What causes PCOS?

The cause of PCOS is still widely undetermined, but it’s considered to be a combination of factors, including genetics. Because of this, many women with PCOS likely have a mother, sister, or close relative with PCOS as well.

What are the signs and symptoms of PCOS in young teens?

Symptoms that present themself as early as the teenage years include:

  • Irregular menstrual periods. Meaning you get your period more than once a month, every few months, or never have one at all. 
  • Periods that are very heavy or very light. Contrary to popular belief, your flow should not be excessive in either direction. 
  • Unwanted hair growth on your face, chest, back, hands, or nipples. 
  • Heavy acne.
  • Thinner hair; specifically on your head.
  • Weight problems; specifically excessive and quick weight gain. 

How do I know for sure if I have PCOS?

To determine if you have PCOS, your doctor will do a physical exam as well as review your overall health, current medications, and menstrual cycle. 

To be 100% sure, your doctor might order blood tests to check hormone levels. Depending on the results, they may even do a pelvic exam or order an ultrasound test to check the ovaries and uterus for ovarian cysts, which are fluid-filled bubbles and common with PCOS patients. 

How do I treat PCOS?

Treatments include: 

  • Lifestyle changes; including less sugar, daily exercise, and avoiding smoking/alcohol.
  • Medication to balance hormone levels; such as birth control pills, a vaginal ring, or a skin patch.
  • Treatment for unwanted body and facial hair, such as bleach, wax, medicines, shaving, electrolysis, or laser treatment.

Will PCOS affect whether I can get pregnant in the future?

PCOS may or may not affect whether you can have a baby. When the time comes, your doctor can help you with fertility problems

New Hope Fertility brings together world-class fertility specialists that are committed to bringing the best IVF treatment. Contact us today!