Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a serious condition that impacts a woman’s fertility. A hormone imbalance is the cause of the issues associated with PCOS, including irregular ovulation, facial hair growth, and acne. The condition is one of the leading causes of fertility issues in women.  

PCOS is the leading cause of female infertility and affects 1 in 10 women. The best treatment for infertile women suffering from PCOS is IVF and fertility medication. Women suffering from infertility due to PCOS respond very well to injectable fertility medications and have a high percentage rate of successful ovulation and pregnancy. 

Causes of PCOS: 

Although doctors do not know the exact cause of PCOS, fertility specialists believe that high levels of androgens (male hormones) and insulin could be responsible. 

  • Excessive Levels of Androgens. Ovarian cysts may develop because a woman’s body has a hormonal imbalance and generates excessive androgens (male hormones). Women suffering from PCOS have high levels of androgens overpowering their estrogen hormones. Excessive androgen hormone levels prevent normal egg development and release. 
  • High Insulin Levels. High insulin blood levels occur when a woman’s body experiences resistance by not transforming food into energy that produces insulin. Unhealthy nutrition, lack of physical activity, and obesity lead to insulin resistance – which is commonly found in women suffering from PCOS. 

Signs and Symptoms of PCOS :

Many women are unaware of the signs and symptoms of PCOS and don’t suspect that PCOS is the cause of their inability to get pregnant. PCOS is a condition causing up to 20% of women in America to be infertile due to cysts growing on the ovaries. This usually occurs when a woman generates excessive androgens (male hormones).

The severity of symptoms of PCOS can vary between individuals. Some women will have only mild versions of a couple of symptoms while others have severe versions of all of the symptoms. Common symptoms of PCOS include: 

  • Pelvic pain 
  • Irregular or infrequent periods 
  • Patches of thickened skin  
  • Hair that begins to thin on the head 
  • Excessive hair growth on the face, chest, stomach, thighs  
  • Oily skin and acne breakouts on the face, chest, and upper back 
  • Weight gain and difficulty losing weight 
  • Darkening of the skin in the groin area, underneath breasts, along the neck 
  • Depression
  • The inability to become pregnant despite trying 

Complications of PCOS:

Women with PCOS often find it difficult to become pregnant without assistance since PCOS directly impacts their hormone production. PCOS may also cause the following complications:

  • Infertility 
  • Miscarriage or premature birth 
  • Type 2 diabetes 
  • Sleep apnea 
  • Depression, anxiety, and eating disorders 
  • Abnormal uterine bleeding 
  • Cancer of the uterine lining (endometrial cancer)
  • Gestational diabetes or pregnancy-induced high blood pressure 
  • Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis – a severe liver inflammation caused by fat accumulation in the liver 
  • Metabolic syndrome – a cluster of conditions including high blood pressure, high blood sugar, and abnormal cholesterol or triglyceride levels that significantly increases your risk of cardiovascular disease 

Effects on Menstrual Cycles and Ovulation:

PCOS can affect both menstrual cycles and ovulation.

Menstrual Cycle:

  • No periods at all 
  • Infrequent periods 
  • Periods that occur too frequently
  • Heavy periods lasting for many days/weeks 
  • Bleeding/spotting occurring between apparently normal cycles 

Ovulation:

  • No ovulation 
  • Infrequent or irregular ovulation 

Treating PCOS:

New Hope Fertility Center has helped many women with PCOS conceive through IVF. Although there is no cure for PCOS, IVF medication helps to regulate hormones, making it possible to conceive. At New Hope we offer the following IVF treatments:

  • Mini IVF 
  • Ultra Mini IVF
  • Natural Cycle IVF 
  • Needle-Free IVF 
  • Conventional IVF 

We Are Here for You!

Here at New Hope, our fertility specialists have countless years of experience treating women diagnosed with PCOS. If you are suffering from PCOS and want to get pregnant, New Hope can help you. Our cutting-edge fertility treatments have high success rates. Join the New Hope Family and schedule your initial consultation today! You can visit our website or call us at (212) 517-7676.