How common is infertility?
An estimated 1 in 5 women between the ages of 15 and 44 have trouble conceiving.
A couple or individual is considered medically infertile if they try but fail to get pregnant within one year. When the woman is older than 35, this timeframe drops to six months. Women over 40 should consider immediately seeking clinical help.
What causes infertility?
Causes of infertility vary:
1 in 3 women has a problem with the female reproductive system. Examples include:
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Blocked Tubes
- Low Ovarian Reserve
1 in 3 men has a problem with the male reproductive system. Examples include:
- Low Sperm Count
- Abnormal Sperm Shape, Size, or Speed
- Erectile Dysfunction
- Ejaculation Problems
*1 in 3 couples has a reproductive problem that affects both of them at the same time.
Common risk factors that contribute to infertility –
- Excessive alcohol/drug use
- Consistent exposure to environmental toxins
- Radiation therapy or other cancer treatments
- Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
- Weight problems
How is female infertility diagnosed?
If you have been trying to conceive for more than six months to a year, it is best to speak with a fertility specialist. Your provider may ask you to record signs of ovulation, such as basal body temperature and cervical mucus initially as well as using a home ovulation kit to map out our fertile window.
- Blood test: A blood test can check hormone levels, including thyroid hormones, as well as ovarian reserve levels.
- Transvaginal ultrasound: Your doctor inserts an ultrasound wand into the vagina to look at follicle count and structure of the tubes and ovaries.
- Hysteroscopy: Your provider inserts a thin, lighted tube into the vagina to examine the uterus.
- Saline sonohysterogram (SIS): Your provider fills the uterus with saline (sterilized salt water) and conducts a transvaginal ultrasound. A full uterus makes it easier to see inside the uterus.
- Hysterosalpingogram (HSG): X-rays capture an injectable dye as it travels through the fallopian tubes. This test looks for blockages.
How is male infertility diagnosed?
- Semen analysis: This test checks for problems with sperm, such as low sperm count and poor mobility. Some men need a needle biopsy to remove sperm from the testicles and test it. For most men, this is the only test that will be needed in the workup of infertility.
- Blood test: A blood test can check testosterone, thyroid, and general hormone levels.
When should you consider seeking help?
Women and men under the age of 35 who aren’t pregnant after one year of trying should see their healthcare provider for preliminary testing. You should seek help sooner (after six months of trying) if you’re older than 35. If you have a history of Endometriosis, PCOS, Fibroids, or any form of male ejaculation disorder, it is best to seek help as soon as possible.
Why New Hope?
New Hope Fertility Center is home to world-renowned fertility specialists. We custom design fertility treatments for the individual to increase the chances of a successful pregnancy. Our specialists believe in putting the patient first and being with them through every step of the fertility journey. Our team is well versed in helping women of all ages reach their fertility goals and we are passionate about educating, and supporting our patients throughout their journey. If you want compassionate fertility care, New Hope is the right place for you. Call us at (347) 970-8479 or schedule your initial consultation today!