Healthy sperm is:

  • carried in the semen
  • is high enough in quantity
  • moves efficiently through the semen
  • is naturally ejaculated during intercourse

So what can you do to maximize your fertility as a male, even when not actively trying to conceive?

Take Preventative Measures against STDS

It is important to protect yourself and any potential partners from STDs by getting checked and treated anytime you have a new partner. It is important to use protection, like condoms, with all new partners to further minimize the risk. The consequences of an STD can be significantly more serious, even life-threatening, and can lead to issues when trying to conceive.

Limit/Stop Smoking, Drinking, and Drug Use

Smoking, drugs, and drinking in excess are all harmful to your overall health. All three have been known to cause fertility issues in men. Long-term cocaine use in men can lead to lower sperm count, affected mobility of the existing sperm, and more instances of abnormally shaped sperm. Research has also shown that cocaine use damages the structure of the testicles. This damage is only visible via a microscope, but damage to this area can result in irreversible fertility issues.

Be Careful About Toxic Substances

Toxic substances and other harmful materials can be found at work or homes, such as synthetic chemicals, metals, fertilizer, bug spray, and feces, all can hurt the reproductive system. Exposure to even small amounts during infancy, childhood, or puberty can lead to underlying diseases. It is best to be aware of these substances and only store them in safe locations, away from daily activities and areas.

Maintain a Healthy Weight and Lifestyle

Maintaining a healthy BMI (Body Mass Index) is important for both men and women when it comes to fertility health. BMI has been directly linked to infertility in both genders and even a small shift in weight can impact a person’s fertility journey. High BMI is linked to high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, PCOS in women, and low sperm count in men. Implementing a healthy lifestyle balance between diet, fitness, and mental state is important no matter your age. Starting healthy habits young and keeping them can benefit your natural fertility later in life.


It is important to work with a fertility care team having the experience required to design a customized fertility treatment plan meeting your personal needs. To schedule your initial consultation with the fertility specialists at New Hope Fertility Center call 212-517-7676.